Based on ethnographic data collected in two Peruvian peasant communities on telluric worships, in this article I analyze the symbolic forms of the ritual interaction that Quechua people have with their environment, especially with topographic places such as land and mountains. The purpose is to observe how such ritual interactions are symbolic metonymies through which the Quechuas stay in contact with telluric entities such as Pachamama, Apus and other topographical places of their environment. The above invites us to rethink gestures and ritual acts of Andean telluric worships as semiotic processes with a referential core, formed by the physicality and productive vitality of the Andean geo-physical elements. This referential core allows us to categorize Quechua telluric cults into new anthropological theories focused on the relationship between human beings and non-human elements of the Andean cosmology.
[Central Andes – Andean worldview – earth – telluric rituals – symbolic metonymies]