Ana Leonilde Pinilla Pulido: La espiritualidad andina en Madrid. La celebración del Inti Raymi / Wilkakuti (Fiesta del Sol)


This ethnographic field work was carried out in the period 2011-2019 for the completion of the doctoral thesis. It addresses encountering a diversity of conceptions of time, as can be observed in traditional rituals carried out in public spaces. The study analyzes a celebration held in Madrid by three Andean migrant communities (Bolivians, Ecuadorians, and Peruvians). I find that the Inti Raymi festival in Madrid unfolds in a plurality of articulated levels. First, as a space where the Andean countries represent themselves politically with Spanish politics and society. Second, as a space for collective identification for the migrant Andean population of various national identities (Ecuadorian, Bolivian and Peruvian) who recognize a common Andean origin, reinforcing their sense of identity and enhancing their political capacity. This capacity is reinforced by the fact that the Inti Raymi is celebrated both in the places of origin and in the cities of the world with Andean migration. I interpret these spaces from the anthropological political economic perspective (Roseberry, 1991). It also involves a bonding ceremony with Pachamama, the expression of an ever-renewed ancestral spirituality, a world whose consideration requires an onto-epistemological and other methodological approaches (Mignolo 2013): an approach based on an open dialogue (from attentive listening), hermeneutical (through a mutual and horizontal interpretation, which recognizes asymmetries and re-locates differences), transformative and performative (as a result of the same open nature of the dialogue), based on the practice of feeling thought (thinking with and from the heart, incorporating emotions, Escobar, 2014 and Guerrero Arias, 2012).

[Andes, Inti Raymi, spirituality, migration]