Since in the 1990s Chile approved – within the framework of recovery of institutional normality – its Indigenous Law, a series of social groups made the decision to identify as “indigenous,” with all sociopolitical consequences and possible frameworks for empowerment, dissent, and symbolic acquisition. One of those groups is the culturally highly diversified people that inhabit the Atacama region. Nonetheless, indigenous coordinates of that social group have taken different and often divergent paths – from assimilation to cultural models imposed by Santiago’s centralism to violent and radical dissent that have led to creation of postcolonial discourses. This new social moment presents new questions about forms of political-cultural activity and dissent.
[Chile, indigenous peoples, dissent, discourse, interculturality, politics]