Carlos Nogueira: José Saramago e George Steiner: a antropologia do mal ou “o mal é”


In this article I address the problem of the definition, manifestations, characteristics, and causes of catastrophic evil (one that leads hundreds or thousands of people to exclusion, suffering and death in a short time). To this end, I start from a set of George Steiner’s theses on the nature of evil that José Saramago’s thought and literary discourse confirm and support with an eloquence and depth that is rare in both the history of ideas and and in universal literature.

[George Steiner, José Saramago, the evil, ontological reality, violence, human nature, theodicy question]