Menara Guizardi, Carolina Stefoni, Lina Magalhaes, and Esteban Nazal: (Trans-)Generational Expectations. Access to Formal Education and Labor Insertion of Paraguayan Women on the Paraná Tri-Border


Based on an ethnographic case study, we describe the family experiences and the access to formal education of 30 Paraguayan women to show how these factors influence their labor insertion at the Paraná Tri-Border Area. We will start by reviewing the theoretical debates about gender inequality in labor insertion in border territories. Then, we will explain the study’s methodology and the profile of the interviewees. The analysis consists in describing the relationship between the rural origins of these women and gender inequalities; we will establish how these inequalities are related to low access to formal education and the precariousness of their insertion into the job market. In addition, we will show how these circumstances imply a contradiction in their work experience on the border, between the abuses suffered and the autonomy gained; and we will analyze the expectations of transgenerational transformation that our protagonists project in their children.

[Paraguay, gender, border, education, labor market, triple-border of Paraná]